Známky rakoviny pľúc, ktorým musia ženy venovať pozornosť

Podľa Centier pre kontrolu a prevenciu chorôb (CDC), hoci sa o rakovine pľúc nehovorí tak často, stále viac ľudí zomrie ročne ako na ktorúkoľvek inú rakovinu v USA. A to nemá vplyv iba na fajčiarov. Ľudia, ktorí nikdy nefajčili vo svojom živote, môžu mať príznaky rakoviny pľúc a môžu byť s touto chorobou diagnostikovaní.

CDC poznamenáva, že muži dostávajú rakovinu pľúc častejšie ako ženy s malou rezervou. Medzi nefajčiarmi však Harvardská lekárska škola uvádza, že ženy dostávajú rakovinu pľúc častejšie. Muži a ženy majú navyše tendenciu získať rôzne formy tohto ochorenia, aj keď príznaky rakoviny pľúc u žien a mužov sú vo všeobecnosti rovnaké. Bohužiaľ, v čase, keď sa objavia príznaky, má rakovina tendenciu byť už v pokročilom (často nevyliečiteľnom) štádiu, ako to uvádza Mayo Clinic.

Dobrou správou je, že skríning aj liečba prešli dlhú cestu. Americká pracovná skupina pre preventívne služby v USA odporúča skríning rakoviny pľúc – ktorý pozostáva z nízkodávkového CT skenu – pre dospelých vo veku od 55 do 80 rokov, ktorí sú aktívnymi fajčiarmi alebo ktorí prestali fajčiť v priebehu posledných 15 rokov.

„Dokonca aj u pacientov s pokročilou rakovinou sme v poslednom desaťročí dosiahli obrovský pokrok v rôznych liečebných postupoch, ktoré možno nevyliečia rakovinu, ale dlhodobo produkujú prežívajúcich rakovinu pľúc s dobrou kvalitou života, “Douglas E. Wood, chirurg na klinike hrudnej chirurgie UW Medical Center, hovorí Deň žien.

Ďalší spôsob liečby skôr: poznať príznaky rakoviny pľúc. Tu by ste mali vedieť o najbežnejších príznakoch rakoviny pľúc.

1
kašľanie
príznaky rakoviny pľúc – kašeľ
DANIEL ALLANGETTY IMAGES
Toto je jeden z najbežnejších príznakov rakoviny pľúc. Deň žien hovorí Dr. Hovorí, že často si želá, aby pacienti s kašľom hľadali liečbu skôr, a radí ľuďom s kašľom, ktorý trval viac ako dva mesiace, hovoriť s lekárom.

2
ZMENA HLASU
príznaky rakoviny pľúc – zmena hlasu
THARAKORN ARUNOTHAI / EYEEMGETTY IMAGES
Zmena v dreve vášho hlasu, ktorá nie je schopná premietať tak nahlas, a chrapľavosť môžu spadnúť pod dáždnik zmeny hlasu, vysvetľuje Dr. Stanifer. Tieto zmeny hlasu sa začínajú objavovať, keď sa nádory pľúc začnú tlačiť proti recidivujúcemu hrtanovému nervu, ktorý putuje z mozgu, cez hrudník a potom späť do hlasiviek.

3
ZÍSKANIE BRONCHITÍZY ALEBO PNEUMÓNIA
príznaky rakoviny pľúc – opakujúca sa bronchitída
KRISANAPONG DETRAPHIPHATGETTY IMAGES
Stanifer vysvetľuje, že rakovina pľúc vytvára prekážku v dýchacích cestách, vďaka čomu sa dýchacie cesty nedajú vyčistiť, čo vedie k zálohovaniu gunk, ktoré sa mení na infekciu. „Obyčajne sa s nimi liečili niekoľkokrát antibiotikami, ale zápal pľúc sa neodstráni a hmota pozorovaná na röntgenovom vyšetrení hrudníka alebo CT sa neodstráni antibiotikami,“ hovorí. “To by sa malo určite vyhodnotiť.”

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